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Jacksonville not alone with Consolidation

Jacksonville is well known for its consolidation with Duval County in 1968. However, we're not alone. According to the National Association of Counties, there are a total of forty consolidated city-county governments across the United States. Here's the list.

Published December 14, 2012 in News      6 Comments    Open printer friendly version of this article Print Article


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1. Areas with governments legally designated as city-counties and operating primarily as cities:

Alaska

City and borough of Anchorage
City and borough of Juneau
City and borough of Sitka
City and borough of Yakutat

California

City and county of San Francisco

Colorado

City and county of Broomfield
City and county of Denver

Hawaii

City and county of Honolulu

Kansas

Unified Government of Wyandotte County and City of Kansas City

Montana

Anaconda-Deer Lodge County
Butte-Silver Bow County



2. Areas designated as metropolitan governments and operating primarily as cities:

Tennessee

Hartsville and Trousdale County
Lynchburg and Moore County
Nashville and Davidson County



3. Areas having certain types of county offices, but as part of another government (city, township, special district, state):

Florida

County of Duval (City of Jacksonville)

Georgia

County of Clarke (City of Athens)
County of Chattahoochee (City of Cusseta)
County of Echols (City of Statenville)
County of Greeley (City of Tribune)
County of Muscogee (City of Columbus)
County of Richmond (City of Augusta)
County of Quitman (City of Georgetown)
County of Webster (City of Preston)

Hawaii

County of Kalawao (State of Hawaii)

Indiana

County of Marion (City of Indianapolis)

Kentucky

County of Jefferson (City of Louisville)
Lexington-Fayette Urban County

Louisiana

Parish of East Baton Rouge (City of Baton Rouge)
Parish of Lafayette (City of Lafayette)
Parish of Orleans (City of New Orleans)
Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government

Massachusetts

County of Nantucket (Town of Nantucket)
County of Suffolk (City of Boston)

New York

Counties of Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond (all part of the City of New York)

Pennsylvania

County of Philadelphia (City of Philadelphia)



4. Joining The List In 2014

Georgia

County of Bibb (City of Macon)


Source: National Association of Counties. "City-County Consolidation Proposals."

Article by Ennis Davis







6 Comments

vicupstate

December 14, 2012, 05:09:43 AM
I knew about all of the larger cities, but had no idea so many smaller cities had consolidated, Georgia in particular. 

As someone you lives away from Jacksonville, consolidation has always been what Jax is most known for, until the Jaguars came to town. 

Jason

December 14, 2012, 09:04:57 AM
Very interesting.  I've heard of a few of them but had no idea that San Fran was consolidated.

Ocklawaha

December 14, 2012, 09:30:32 AM
Consolidation has likely saved us from being somewhere below the absolute bottom of performance of cities. Considering the amount of development that has occurred in the Southside and more recently north of the Trout River, little of that tax revenue would be finding it's way back to us if it were not included in the 'City.' Consolidation is also a great method for cost control by eliminating duplicate services. Having been around Butte, Montana and many of the smaller towns as well as isolated places like Yakutat, I believe a single source for services functions better. The City and Borough of Yakutat, as of the 2010 census, the population was 662.

Tacachale

December 14, 2012, 10:31:21 AM
^If we hadn't consolidated, it's more likely that the city would have annexed outlying areas, or that the county government would have emerged as more powerful than the city, or some combination of the two. That's what's happened with most of Florida's cities. Alternately, we may have pursued a semi-consolidated government like Miami-Dade. There are some downsides to consolidation, but for our conditions I think it was definitely a positive move for Jacksonville, and probably for a lot of the cities on that list.

spuwho

December 15, 2012, 12:22:47 PM
Nationally there is trend of thinking that there should be more consolidation to eliminate duplication of taxing bodies across common boundaries. If a certain city has fully consumed the boundaries of its county, then most of the county functions are probably redundant.

If a county has become fully urban, does it still need and soil and conservation district? Something formed to protect farmland during the depression?

BackinJax05

December 17, 2012, 08:25:30 PM
Cool stuff.
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