Elements Of Urbanism: 1940s JacksonvilleNovember 16, 2010 28 comments Print Article
Ever wonder what Jacksonville would look like if downtown were full of buildings, people and retail spilling onto the streets? A visit to this city gives us a glimpse into the look of downtown vibrancy.
Tale of the Tape:
Jacksonville Pop. 1940: 173,065 (City); 210,143(Duval County)
Jacksonville Pop. 2009: 813,518 (City); 1,328,144(Duval County)
City Land Area:
1940 Jacksonville: 30.2 square miles
2010 Jacksonville: 767 square miles
City Population Density:
1940 Jacksonville: 5,731/square mile
2010 Jacksonville: 1,061/square mile
1940 Jacksonville: Barnett Bank Building - 224 feet
2010 Jacksonville: Bank of America Tower - 617 feet
Urban development obstacles:
1940 Jacksonville: Congestion & Racism
2010 Jacksonville: Abandonment & Homelessness
Common Downtown Albatross:
An underutilized waterfront
Who's Downtown is more walkable?
1940 Jacksonville by a landslide.
A visual comparison
Green = Jacksonville's city limits from the 1930s up the the 1968 consolidation
Red = Jacksonville's current consolidated city-county limits
Governor Holland motorcade at the Main Street Bridge opening in 1941
One is immediately met with density when entering downtown Jacksonville from the Main Street bridge.
Full of life and heavy traffic, Main Street is the city's major north south arterial.
Armistice Day Parade along Adams Street in 1944.
Left: Kress and Walgreens anchor the intersection of Main & Adams Streets. Right: An aerial view of Forsyth Street looking towards the Lynch Building.
Home to major financial institutions, such as Barnett Bank, Atlantic Bank and Heard Bank, Forsyth Street is a major downtown activity center.
Jacksonville's City Hall anchors the corner of Forsyth & Ocean Streets.
The architecturally impressive Duval County Courthouse at Forsyth & Market Streets.
A block south of Forsyth, Bay Street is a dividing line between downtown retail and maritime related industry.
This railyard serves several wharfs just south of Bay Street.
The Acosta Bridge was the first automobile bridge across the St. Johns River, providing a direct connection between the downtown and the recently annexed City of South Jacksonville.
The intersection of Hogan and State Streets. Hogan Street is one of several direct connections between Springfield and downtown.
This Adams Street scene indicates that the city is not immune from flooding.
Downtown Jacksonville is very impressive from the air. The amount of building fabric would make one believe that this city is located somewhere north of the Mason Dixon line.
Downtown Jacksonville of the 1940's seems like a place full of life and energy. Over the decade, this 30.2 square mile urban city added 31,452 residents and increased in density to 6,772 people per sqaure mile. One can only imagine the bright future in store for this walkable city 70 years from now.
Article by Ennis Davis
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