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Elements of Urbanism: Chicago

A photo tour around the downtown core of the nation's third largest city: Chicago.

Published February 25, 2009 in Learning From      16 Comments    Open printer friendly version of this article Print Article


feature

Tale of the Tape:

Chicago 2007: 2,836,658 (City); 9,524,673 (Metro) - (incorporated in 1837)

Jacksonville Pop. 2007: 805,605 (City); 1,300,823 (Metro) - (incorporated in 1832)

City population 1950: Jacksonville (204,517); Chicago (3,620,962)






Metropolitan Area Growth rate (2000-2007)

Chicago: +4.68%
Jacksonville: +15.86%

Urban Area Population (2000 census)

Chicago: 8,711,000 (ranked 3 nationwide)
Jacksonville: 882,295 (ranked 43 nationwide)

Urban Area Population Density (2000 census)

Chicago: 3,913.6
Jacksonville: 2,149.2

City Population Growth from 2000 to 2007

Chicago: -59,358
Jacksonville: +69,988

Convention Center Exhibition Space:

Chicago: McCormick Place (1960) - 2,600,000 square feet
Jacksonville: Prime F. Osborn III Convention Center (1986) - 78,500 square feet

Tallest Building:

Chicago: Sears Tower - 1,451 feet (new tallest under construction: Chicago Spire - 2,000 feet)
Jacksonville: Bank of America Tower - 617 feet

Fortune 500 companies:

Chicago: Boeing (27), UAL (124), Exelon (131), R.R. Donnelley & Sons (229), Integrys Energy Group (254), Aon (263), Smurfit-Stone (334), Northern Trust Corp. (447), Wm Wrigley, Jr. (448), USG (460), Tribune (467), Telephone & Data Systems (478)

Jacksonville: CSX (261), Winn-Dixie Stores (347), Fidelity National Financial (435), Fidelity National Information Services (481)

Urban infill obstacles:

Chicago: There are none.
Jacksonville: State & Union Streets cut off Downtown Jacksonville from Springfield.

Common Downtown Albatross:

There are no clear common ailments.


Which city is more walkable?

Chicago: 76 out of 100. No. 4 out of the 40 largest US cities, according to walkscore.com
Jacksonville: 36 out of 100. No. 40 out of the 40 largest US cities, according to walkscore.com

Who's Downtown is more walkable?

Chicago: 98 out of 100, according to walkscore.com
Jacksonville: 88 out of 100, according to walkscore.com

Chicago Loop

The Loop is the term used to designate the historical center of downtown Chicago. Most accurately, the term refers to an area bounded by a public transit circuit along Lake Street on the north, Wabash Avenue on the east, Van Buren Street on the south, and Wells Street on the west, but in general use it refers to the whole central business district.

Chicago's central business district, bounded on the west and north by the Chicago River, on the east by Lake Michigan, and on the south by Roosevelt Road is the second-largest in the United States, after Midtown Manhattan.

The term The Loop has different meanings. The term most explicitly applies to the area surrounded by the loop circuit formed by 'L' train tracks, and a preceding 1880s streetcar loop, but common usage defines it as the area bounded by the Chicago River on the north and west sides, Congress Parkway to the south, and Columbus Drive to the east.

In official city parlance, delineated by the University of Chicago in the 1920s, the Loop is community area of Chicago number 32, bounded by the Chicago River to the north and west, Roosevelt Road to the south, and Lake Michigan to the east, though the original boundary is strictly the area circled by the elevated CTA tracks. As the downtown area and its many high-rises expanded out past the community area over the years, "The Loop" has been used more generally to denote the entire downtown.

According to the 2000 census, 16,388 people live in the Loop. The median sale price for residential real estate was $710,000 in 2005 according to Forbes.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Loop

Unique Chicago

- O'Hare International Airport is the second busiest airport in the world.

- Chicago has been chosen as one of the final 4 candidates to host the 2016 Summer Olympics.

- The name "Chicago" is the French rendering of the Miami-Illinois name shikaakwa, meaning "wild leek."

- The country's first comprehensive sewerage system was built in Chicago during the 1850s.

- The first steel skyscraper was built in Chicago in 1885.

- Richard M. Daley has been the mayor of Chicago for 20 years.

- 44.2 million people visited Chicago in 2006.

- Chicago's population has declined by 784,304 since 1950.

- Chicago is the only city in North America in which six Class 1 railroads meet.

- About one-third of the country's freight trains pass through Chicagoland.

- The "L" rapid transit system began operations in 1892. It currently averages 620,000 riders a day.

- The city has a 100-mile on-street bicycle lane network that is maintained by the Chicago Department of Transportation Bike Program and Chicagoland Bicycle Federation.

Chicago - Jacksonville Connection

Great Fires:

Chicago: Great Fire of 1871 destroyed a third of the city, including the entire central business district, yet spurring rapid rebuilding and growth during the aftermath.

Jacksonville: The Great Fire of 1901 destroyed 146 city blocks, including most of the central business district, yet spurred rapid rebuilding and growth during the aftermath.


Prairie School Architecture:

Chicago: Prairie School style architecture originated in Chicago during the late 19th century.

Jacksonville: During the aftermath of the Great Fire, H.J. Klutho and other architects designed Midwestern "Prairie School" style structures with a Florida flair.


Civil Rights leader Asa Philip Randolph:

Chicago: Randolph organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters for African-American employees of Chicago based Pullman Company in 1925.

Jacksonville: Asa Philip Randolph grew up in East Jacksonville and graduated from the Cookman Institute (the only high school in Florida for African Americans at the time) in 1907.

Photo Tour

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

Photos by Daniel Herbin







16 Comments

copperfiend

February 25, 2009, 05:52:27 AM
Not that you needed to me to tell you but Chicago is an amazing city. I have friends that live in Andersonville and I go every chance I get. I love all of the neighborhoods and how each has it's own personality. The restaurants are terrific but the weather can be brutal.

http://photos.metrojacksonville.com/gallery/7376233_VC9xc#474995836_FQKmk

That is one of my favorite buildings anywhere. I love the boat parking which you cannot see in this photo.

kellypope

February 25, 2009, 08:26:23 AM
I believe I see three pictures of my dorm building. I'm finally glad the Oriental stopped showing Wicked, but it does seem a little trite to be showing Chicago in Chicago. Maybe that's just me being irritable. Good thing it wasn't under snow when these pictures were taken. But too bad the Louis Sullivan building still has the scaffolding. We were shown pictures of the Art Nouveau façade and I can't believe that what's been hiding behind plywood and bars for years is so lovely.

While watching the Dark Knight, I couldn't take it seriously at all, because I kept having moments of recognition with the architecture--"Corn cobs!" "Trib building!"...but not that I was going to take a Batman movie seriously in the first place...

KenFSU

February 25, 2009, 09:31:49 AM
Wonderful photo tour of a wonderful city.

Man is that god-awful spire ever going to hurt that skyline though.

fsujax

February 25, 2009, 10:16:09 AM
What a cool city. Lights, banners and signs a city that looks alive. I have always wanted to visit Chicago.

TPC

February 25, 2009, 10:30:49 AM
Great photo tour! I went to Chicago for the first time last year and loved it. I brought my bike and rode around the city and saw so much more of the city then I could on foot. One thing that surprised me was how much cleaner it was then NY.

I stayed near Milwaukee Ave. and Division St. but rode to Wrigley Field, Millennium Park, etc. Such an awesome city and there were a lot of bike lanes which I really enjoyed as well.

reednavy

February 25, 2009, 11:34:30 AM
Wonderful photo tour of a wonderful city.

Man is that god-awful spire ever going to hurt that skyline though.

Don't worry, it is indeffinetly on hold.

KenFSU

February 25, 2009, 11:48:37 AM
Awesome!

What about Trump's tower? Did that ever break ground?

Just never been a fan of ruining a beautiful, symmetrical skyline with a disproportionately massive, self-masturbatory megatower (or mega drillbit, in the case of the spire). In fact, this is probably going to sound like the most insensitive thing in the world to say, but putting all terrible tragedy and loss of life aside, the New York skyline looks so much better without the twin towers. I would gladly have them back to save those 3,000+ people, of course.

copperfiend

February 25, 2009, 11:56:30 AM
In fact, this is probably going to sound like the most insensitive thing in the world to say, but putting all terrible tragedy and loss of life aside, the New York skyline looks so much better without the twin towers. I would gladly have them back to save those 3,000+ people, of course.

Quote of the year.

Lunican

February 25, 2009, 12:04:16 PM
Trump Tower is complete:

ProjectMaximus

February 25, 2009, 01:26:16 PM
Any reason why this time you guys compared all Fortune 500 Companies instead of just downtown-based? Are many of Chicago's located outside the CBD?

thelakelander

November 06, 2009, 07:05:24 AM
A local Jax company is getting ready to take Chicago by storm

Firehouse Subs expanding with 125 restaurants in Chicago

Quote
Jacksonville-based Firehouse Subs announces plans for a 125-restaurant expansion in the Chicago area in the next five to seven years. The Chicago agreement will add to the steady growth by the company, from 30 locations in 2000 to 373 current locations.

http://jacksonville.com/business/2009-11-05/story/firehouse_subs_expanding_with_125_restaurants_in_chicago

Lunican

April 11, 2012, 12:15:28 PM
This is a good video.

<a href="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=40000696&amp;amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;amp;show_title=1&amp;amp;show_byline=1&amp;amp;show_portrait=1&amp;amp;color=ffffff&amp;amp;fullscreen=1&amp;amp;autoplay=0&amp;amp;loop=0" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=40000696&amp;amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;amp;show_title=1&amp;amp;show_byline=1&amp;amp;show_portrait=1&amp;amp;color=ffffff&amp;amp;fullscreen=1&amp;amp;autoplay=0&amp;amp;loop=0</a>

JFman00

April 11, 2012, 12:43:37 PM
Mistakes, changes since this was published, interesting tidbit:

-Chicago Spire is on indefinite hold with just the foundation complete
-New Orleans is the other city in the US where 6 Class I railroads meet

Any reason why this time you guys compared all Fortune 500 Companies instead of just downtown-based? Are many of Chicago's located outside the CBD?

There are about 30 Fortune 500 companies HQed in Chicagoland, I think 8 of them are in the city proper.

Trains coming from the West Coast may take 48 hours to get to Chicago and then spend 30 hours in rail congestion through Chicago. I mention this in support of projects to expand the multi-modal potential of JAXPORT. Logistics cities underinvest in infrastructure at their own peril.

http://jacksonville.com/news/florida/2012-02-21/story/look-out-jaxport-here-comes-brunswick
http://jacksonville.com/news/metro/2011-10-31/story/jaxport-pursues-grant-create-new-hub
http://jacksonville.com/business/2011-10-25/story/jaxport-seek-25-million-upgrade-trapac-terminal

simms3

April 11, 2012, 02:26:15 PM
This is a good video.

<a href="http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=40000696&amp;amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;amp;show_title=1&amp;amp;show_byline=1&amp;amp;show_portrait=1&amp;amp;color=ffffff&amp;amp;fullscreen=1&amp;amp;autoplay=0&amp;amp;loop=0" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=40000696&amp;amp;server=vimeo.com&amp;amp;show_title=1&amp;amp;show_byline=1&amp;amp;show_portrait=1&amp;amp;color=ffffff&amp;amp;fullscreen=1&amp;amp;autoplay=0&amp;amp;loop=0</a>


Just checked out all of his vids and they are all incredible.  Really amusing and incredible resolution and editing.

JeffreyS

April 11, 2012, 03:07:15 PM
I think the urban feature that could speak to Jacksonville would be the transit stops outside of downtown.  Wicker Park (Damon Station) is like Five Points on steroids. You can ride those trains well outside of Downtown and there will be pedestrian scale vibrant urban neighborhoods around almost all of the stops.  The outlying areas without the stops while more dense than here resemble more typical American sprawl.   Simply exploring Chicago makes such a statement for fixed transit.

duvaldude08

April 11, 2012, 03:07:35 PM
That damn city is massive. Thats alot of damn people
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